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Guide to Synthetic Organic Chemistry

Posted December 26, 2017 by Matt in synthetic organic chemistry

Chemistry is one of the main branches of science as the study of different substances. One of those sub-branches of chemistry is called the synthetic organic chemistry, and we will be taking a close look on it today.

What is organic chemistry?

As mentioned, there are a lot of branches for chemistry, and one of them is organic chemistry. As its name suggests, organic chemistry mainly studies organic substances—meaning organic compounds and organic materials, and in this discipline, you will study the structure as well as properties of them.

What is meant by organic substances? In chemistry, the answer is easy—everything that contains a carbon atom—the number of them is irrelevant—is organic. Scientists in this discipline will study both the physical and chemical properties of organic materials, and how they can be applied to benefit the world.

What is Synthetic Organic Chemistry?

Synthetic organic chemistry is thus related to organic chemistry itself as well as the the technique of synthesis. It is an applied science in studying the design and construction of works for a practical purpose. We will always talk about having an organic synthesis for a novel compound, and this is actually a very difficult problem solving task. This is because if the compound that we are testing is very complicated, there may be a lot of reaction steps that the scientists will need to study. Therefore, a lot of people will regard the work in synthetic organic chemistry as being very similar to that of an engineer.


What is organic synthesis?

Well, synthetic organic chemistry is also related to synthesis, and organic synthesis is one of them. We need to know that while organic substances are very useful for human lives, there are not much of them, and therefore we will want to make some organic compound and substances. However, this is easier said than done since we will need to fully understand the structure, properties as well as characteristics of those organic substances before making them.

This is why we will need organic synthesis, which concerns with the intentional construction of an organic compound through different organic reactions. Total synthesis is one of the method to achieve that, and it is the complete synthesis of a complex organic molecules from a simple substance, and this is considered to be the largest achievement of any chemist.

It goes without saying that synthetic organic chemistry is very important to us since organic substance is usually much more complex than inorganic ones, and therefore we will need to pay more attention in studying them.


What is chemical synthesis?

The last and ultimate question here is that what exactly is a synthesis in the chemistry world. Well, this is a technique and skills in the field of chemistry. As mentioned, usually the flow of the study of chemistry is that we have found a substance, and then we will study the properties of it like its boiling point or whether or not the substance is toxic.

However, in reality, usually we will have needs before having any solution. For example, we may need a substance or compound that can achieve certain goals with certain properties, but there is still no such substance in the world. Therefore, the job of the scientists in this situation is to create such substance that will bring convenience to our life. The process of doing a lot of chemical reactions so that the target product can finally be produced, are called chemical synthesis.

And this technique is the core one in the field of synthetic organic chemistry.


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